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Trong bài học trước, các bạn đã được làm quen với chủ đề phổ biến trong ielts là “Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 18: IELTS Shopping”, bài viết này sẽ tiếp tục hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking tại nhà với chủ đề IELTS Environment. Bài học có tham khảo các nguồn tài liệu của các thầy cô IELTS nổi tiếng như thầy Simon, cô Liz, một số thầy cô IELTS 9.0 tại Việt Nam.
Hướng dẫn phương pháp tự học IELTS Speaking tại nhà
Bước 1: Dựa vào những hướng dẫn, các bạn soạn script câu trả lời cho từng câu hỏi cụ thể trong bộ dự đoán ielts speaking hàng tháng, hàng quý mà ieltsjenny.com cung cấp miễn phí.
Bước 2: Chỉ được dùng bước 1 trong khoảng thời gian ngắn, sau đó các bạn phải chuyển đến bước nhìn vào câu hỏi ielts speaking và tập phản xạ trả lời, vì lúc đi thi hay hồi hộp lắm, dựa hoàn toàn vào việc học thuộc script câu trả lời là chiến lược chưa thông minh, hãy tập phản xạ nói vì giám khảo sẽ dựa vào độ lưu loát và khả năng đọc vị câu hỏi mà có đánh giá khả quan cho band điểm của bạn.
Lesson 19: IELTS Environment
a) Examples of IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions:
Examiner: Are there any environmental problems in your country?
Candidate: Yes … we have a serious issue with pollution levels in some of our big cities … exhaustfumes from cars and lorries are definitely one reason for the problem but we also have a lot of heavy industry in some areas and this also results in poor air quality …
Examiner: Do you take an interest in nature?
Candidate: Well … I’m a city person through and through and don’t get back to nature very often I’m afraid … but like everyone else I’m fascinated by thenatural world and I like watching documentaries showing wild animals in their natural habitat …
Examiner: Do you or your family take steps to help the environment?
Candidate: My parents have always tried to make us aware of our impact on the environment… they’re really into energy conservation … and always try to buy environmentally friendly products if they have the chance …
pollution levels: the amount of toxic waste
exhaust fumes: the toxic gases given off by vehicles powered by petrol
heavy industry: the manufacture of heavy articles and materials in large numbers
air quality: the cleanliness of the air we breathe
to get back to nature: to live a life that is closer to nature
the natural world: the world of nature
natural habitat: an ecological or environmental area where a specific species lives
impact on: the effect on
energy conservation: the careful management of energy resources to ensure they last as long as possible
environmentally friendly: behaviour and products that do not harm the environment
b) Examples of IELTS Speaking Part 2 questions:
Describe an environmental problem that has been in the news. You should say
• when this was
• where the event happened
• what actually took place
• and say how you felt about this problem.
Well … this is an interesting question … there are so many issues I could think of … natural disasters like earthquakes and floods seem to be in the news almost every year … but there was one story recently about some animals that were under threat … it was not focused on one place in particular … it was looking at various animals that could actually become extinct in different African countries … if we do not take steps to protect them … these were really iconic animals like gorillas … leopards … rhinos … and apparently they arenow listed as endangered species … what made it really depressing was they were in danger thanks to us … in some cases it was due to a loss of habitat either because people need more agricultural production … or even worse I think … because of hunting and poaching … I hate to think of future generations being robbed of the chance to see creatures like these in their natural environment … it’s lucky we have lots of organisations that focus on wildlife conservation … hopefully with their help we can put pressure on those in power to do something to stop creatures like these dying out …
natural disaster: an event such as an earthquake, flood or hurricane which causes widespread damage or loss of life
to be under threat: to be in danger of becoming extinct
to become extinct: to no longer exist
endangered species: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct
loss of habitat: the decline in areas of land where animals and plants would normally exist
poaching: to hunt and kill wild animals illegally
future generations: the people who live after us
natural environment: the place where animals and plants would normally be found in nature
wildlife conservation: to protect animals and plants and their habitats
to die out: see ‘to become extinct’
c) Examples of IELTS Speaking Part 3 questions:
Examiner: What do you think is the main danger the world faces in terms of the environment?
Candidate: Well … climate change is a real issue … in my country, we have flash floods and heatwaves on a yearly basis … so yes … I think global warming is the biggest issue.
Examiner: What examples are there of how we damage the natural world?
Candidate: There are so many examples … there are factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and oceans … oil spills that damage the coastline … the way we destroy vast areas of land and rain forests in search of fossil fuels or to increase agricultural production …
Examiner: In which ways do we respond well to environmental problems?
Candidate: Well … on the one hand there are various worldwide agencies that are always the first on the scene with humanitarianaid after natural and man-made disasters … and on the other hand we have environmental pressure groups that are constantly raising awareness of issues and trying to stop disasters happening …
climate change: the change in worldwide weather patterns
flash floods: floods that happen quickly
global warming: the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as carbon dioxide
toxic waste: poisonous, unwanted rubbish often produced by industrial processes
oil spill: waste usually deposited in the seas and oceans after an accident at sea
fossil fuels: energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground over millions of years
humanitarian aid: the act of showing support to people struggling to survive
man-made disaster: widespread damage or loss of life brought about by the action of humans
pressure group: a group of people who try to raise awareness of issues and try to affect the views and actions of people and organizations
Danh sách 20 bài học hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking Part 1 tại nhà: + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 1: IELTS Holiday + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 2: IELTS Relationships + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 3: IELTS Technology + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 4: IELTS Sports + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 5: IELTS Food + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 6: IELTS Education + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 7: IELTS Work + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 8: IELTS Health + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 9: IELTS Books and Films + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 10: IELTS Accommodation + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 11: IELTS Clothes & Fashion + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 12: IELTS Personality + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 13: IELTS Business + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 14: IELTS Physical Appearance + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 15: IELTS Town and City + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 16: IELTS Music + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 17: IELTS Weather + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 18: IELTS Shopping + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 19: IELTS Environment + Hướng dẫn tự học IELTS Speaking – Lesson 20: IELTS Advertising
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